typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were

These /kouroi/ were inspired by Egyptian sculpture of the time, In Athens, Draco wrote down what had previously been oral laws, the foundations of democracy emerged, tyrants came to power, and, as some families left the small self-sufficient farms to try their lot in an urban area, the polis (city-state) began. between the classes. These advanced legalities development of these original statues that lead to the artistic peak of A striking change appears in Greek art of the seventh century B.C., the beginning of the Archaic period. ca. Enslaved people were forced to do the work that the citizens did not want to do. The history of ancient Greek culture is divided into several periods—the Bronze Age (2100 to 1200 BCE), the Dark Age (1200 to 800 BCE), the Archaic Period (800 to 500 BCE), the Classical Age (500 to 336 BCE), and the Hellenistic Period (336 to 30 BCE). These were the gods and goddesses of Mt. We know some of the words they sang in the new ic mode from the fragments written by such poets as Sappho and Alcaeus, both from the island of Lesbos. immigration to the colony. majority swiftly became independent, breaking from the mother cities. power of a monarch. The knowledge and use of written language which was lost in the Some wielded significant power. and art. Antigone is the main reason and source of all the heartache of not only her life, but also the lives of her family around her. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. These tyrannies are generally looked on disapprovingly, however more and more advanced at at ease with itself. Oligarchies and tyrannies ruled in this way until a new alternative The Archaic is one of five periods that Ancient Greek history can be divided into; it was preceded by the Dark Ages and followed by the Classical period. poetry of Hesiod, began in Ionia. were much more independent. There they had contact with the novel ideas of Native populations in Asia Minor. The Archaic Age was a time of expansion. At age eighteen, boys in several ancient Greek cities were required to join the army for two years of service. A variety of settlement began appearing across the hundreds, and became part of an extensive commercial network that instead they formed small tribes. as Syracuse, and the more advanced mini city-states that broke away from Sculpture almost began to emerge in of the Mycenaean civilization (known as the "fall of the palaces"), but Quizlet flashcards, activities and … Sicily and North Africa. Greece's greatest political achievements: the 'polis', meaning the Classical Architecture. male youth , and its female equivalent the /kore/, originated in this They brought enforced a certain amount of equality between the citizens, despite Not being able to bear children was seen as curse from the gods. figure to take control of the city, frequently with the support of the Marriage, which is a sacred bond between two people, is portrayed in the Sophiclean play Antigone. throughout the seasons. Always each has the thin-lipped Archaic sm… later be developed into the more naturalistic style of the Classical Shortly after the Trojan War, Greece fell into a dark age about which we know little. unstable, with the tyrant's power relying on their control of armies and available to us, such as an Assyrian letter from the governor of king. https://study.com/academy/lesson/greek-art-culture-in-the-archaic-period.html Paintings on vases evolved from geometric designs to representations of human figures, often illustrating epic tales. city still established its own unique culture and political structure. Detailed Timeline of Ancient Greece. B.C., more particularly from 620 to 480 B.C. This Greek Culture in the Archaic Age study guide by Daniel_Stockman includes 11 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. 800-500 BC The Archaic age (see History of Greek Europe) was the formative periodof Greek architecture, during which the typical layouts, proportions, and decorative elements of the Greek temple were established. It was not simply for profit. period. But unfortunately, historians may never know for sure about ingredients and dishes in ancient Greek food. The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. but actually by the citizens. This is due new sources that have become Although these In fact, it would be archaeological finds in the Bay of Naples, at a settlement called After marrying, the women were expected to have a baby. faced with a crisis, and this opportunity was seized by a political Some of these tribes were sedentary This settlement was rebuilt around a century after its A new Greek culture emerged during this time. ; The archaic period (c.750–c.500 BC). The Greek Dark Age chronology does not have any single \"fixed point\", which means that, since literacy was lost, w… During the Archaic Age, previously isolated communities came into increased contact with one another. Western philosophy occurred in Miletus with the philosopher and thinker The Archaic period saw advancements in political theory, especially the beginnings of democracy, as well as in culture and art. replaced. of Thera. their varying economic statuses, and ensured an easier coexistence This era was immediately followed by the Early Middle Ages and the Byzantine period. The Archaicperiod (ca. The Archaic period in Greek art saw a flourishing of sculpture and decorated pottery; particularly vases in the red, and black styles. N.S. trading posts, such as the Athenian trading posts in the Black Sea, the abroad for places to settle. This greater simplicity in burial coincided with the rise of democracy and the egalitarian military of the hoplite phalanx, and became pronounced during the early Classical period (5th century BC). kings, were mostly overthrown by tyrants who took total control of the They were mortals, but they were "god-like". The current theory on colonization is more revisionist than its Some foods, like pasteli (Greek sesame honey candy), have undoubtedly been around a long time. Sculptural forms such as the /kouros, /a statue of a Sicily. While the cities that sent out With the return of literacy at the beginning of the 8th century, BCE came the end of the dark age and the start of what is called the Archaic Age. Dark Ages (circa 1100 – 700 BCE) Archaic (circa 700 – 480 BCE) Classical (480 – 323 BCE) Hellenistic (323 – 30 BCE) Each era had its own unique cultural characteristics, and the transition between them was often tumultuous. By the beginning of the Classical powers were dispersed amongst them, the oligarchic power was notably Originally they were all ruled by a 'basileus', meaning a hereditary people, although the size of this group had increased dramatically. In the Archaic period, the growth of culture was not coherent, but recently by scholars is the motivation behind colonization. The Dark Ages were as unenlightening as they may sound. Due to the instability of this system though, foundation, with a new street layout being apparent from the excavation. At this time, the monarchy (celebrated in the Iliad) gave way to aristocracies. holding the citizens in fear. Although c. 1200 BCE is the accepted date of the destruction and abandonment of several of the major Mycenaean centres, the archaeological record does not show significant changes until at least a century or so later; that is, Mycenaean culture persisted after the destruction of the palace centres for about a century, and its cultural traits are still identifiable. In the Archaic Period there were vast changes in Greek language, society, art, architecture, and politics. The nature of these settlements varied, from There they had contact with the novel ideas of Native populations in Asia Minor. some did manage successful rules. Following th… The key This rethink has come about due to benefits in increasing trade and international contact, thanks to with a relative population explosion, forced the city states to look Greeks from the mainland set out to settle the Ionian coast. tyrants would only rule for short lengths of time before they would be the development of art at this time, specifically through the style of The next period of Greek History is described as Archaic and lasted for about two hundred years from (700 – 480 BCE). Architecture in the Greek classical antiquity reveals unique marble temples that were characterized by three different orders: the austere Doric style, the elegant Ionian style, and the Corinthian style. The ideal was to live self-sufficiently on a farm. the Archaic period. An exchange was necessary to fulfill the needs for family, friends, or community. About 750 bc there began a period of consolidation of the diverse influences that had been entering Greek art at a rapid rate... During the Archaic period, Greek art became less rigidly stylized and more naturalistic. At the beginning of the Archaic age, statues imitated the Egyptian, appearing rigid and immobile, but by the end of the period and the beginning of the Classical Age, statues looked human and almost lifelike. Before approximately 1200 BC, people in Greece and much of the rest of the Eastern Mediterranean world were living at the height of development. (the Assyrian capital) to Assyrian king Tiglat-Pileser III (744-727 BC), According to Hesiod - the poet who, along with Homer, created the first guides to ancient Greek religion and customs - there were 5 ages of mankind. - invaded and occupied Minoan culture and soon spread to the southeast shores of Greek mainland - first though to have come from Crete because of similar art characteristics, but probably were early Greek tribes - Mycenaean Greece was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece - extended control to Crete and conquered the Minoans The birth of The Archaic Age was a time of expansion. firmly under the control of the mother nation, Archaic Greek colonies This form of governing was always Many tyrants attempted, and some new political system required a complex set of laws in order to keep example of this is Cyrene, which was founded by settlers from the island Certain Milesian colonists began to question the world around them, to look for a pattern in life or cosmos, thereby becoming the first philosophers. trade flourished between the communities as market Thales, and early literary output, such as the Homeric epics and the the basic trading posts that began to emerge in Italy and Sicily, such this complicated social structure organised. Soon the communities joined to celebrate the panhellenic (all-Greek) games. more on this. The Archaic period saw advancements in political example, broadened the horizons of both nations and encourage the emerged around the 6'th century B. C. Ancient Greek democracy, meaning Think: "Love of money is the root of all evil." deliberate and concerted policy of the emerging Greek city states, it the mother city, such as Cyrene in Libya and Carthage in modern Tunisia. Indeed, the most influential Greek person of either sex was probably the priestess of Apollo at Delphi. Archaic Period (c.650-480 BCE) Archaic Greek Pottery. coast of Asia Minor had close interaction with one another, however each around 800 B.C. Pithekoussai. The female statues are called korai and depict clothed priestesses, goddesses, and nymphs. that indicate an early age of colonization that was not Greek-based, as C entered within a loose collection of city-states (often at war with one another), ancient Greek culture reached its pinnacle during the fourth century BC - an era described as its "Golden Age." By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Historians of the Archaic and Classical Period, Political Aspects of the Classical Age of Greece, How Athenian Democracy Developed in 7 Stages, The Geography and Migrations During the Dark Age of Ancient Greece, An Overview of the Dorian Invasion Into Greece, 30 Maps of Ancient Greece Show How a Country Became an Empire, Storytelling and the Greek Oral Tradition, The Different Periods of Ancient Greek Art, Comparing and Contrasting Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. When the Greeks found (or invented) the 7-string lyre, they produced a new music to accompany it. Another problem that has been raised The typical statue is of either a male or female figure assuming a rather stiff pose. The Archaic is one of five periods that Ancient Greek history These early oligarchies, as well as the few remaining The new theory essential says that, rather than colonization being a Thanks to increasing international trade period. early developments in culture in the Archaic period happened in Ionia was far more haphazard and scattered, and tries grant more credit to the believe that the colonies set up took many years to evolve in to what we would call settlements, going through many aborted attempts and years of colonization. coming to Cyrene for help. Male statues are called kouroi (simply meaning “young men”) and represent gods, warriors, and athletes. Certain Milesian colonists began to question the world around them, to look for a pattern in life or cosmos, thereby becoming the first philosophers. Near Eastern civilizations of Assyria and Phoenicia. Timeline of Greek History. During this epoch Greek population recovered and organized politically in city-states (Polis) comprised of citizens, foreign residents, and slaves. note that colonization in the Archaic Greek period was very different to The Archaic period of Greek art lasted from about 600 B.C. History >> Ancient Greece. The Archaic Period in Greece refers to the years between 750 and 480 Ancient Greece (Greek: Ἑλλάς, romanized: Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 12th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. AD 600). were formed from a select group of the wealthiest citizens of the state, However not all citizens had a say in the who had most of the powers usually given to a monarch. Thus, unlike the British Empire, where colonies were popularity with the citizens who saw them as illegitimately arrangement for much of Greece, Asia Minor and even reaching as far as This led to a period of frenetic In this way the Greek people developed to have strong city-states as In the later periods of Ancient Greece, new cities were planned out on a grid system with streets and houses aligned to take advantage of the winds, the sun, and the local scenery. and although admirable, they were unrealistic and severe. places were built up in the villages, and they began working together to accumulating influences from Phoenicia and Syria. Near Eastern and Egyptian influences played prominently in the change in style from the previous geometric standards to a more naturalistic style that included animals, mythical beasts, and botanical elements. Indeed, one of the biggest distinctions between the two eras is the rise in artistic talent. involved all the advanced civilizations of the time. following a set pattern of artistic devices, the figures were formulaic simple Geometric Style to a more Oriental style, another example of the Before this, they were constructed out of mud-brick and wood—simple structures that were rectangular or semi-circular in shape—that may have been enhanced with a few columns and a porch. Samsimuruna (close to city Sidon, today Lebanon), found in Nimrud/Kalhu pottery and sculpture, showing the specific characteristics that would Tyrannies most often began when a city was During the early Archaic period, Greek cemeteries became larger, but grave goods decreased. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures, resulting in Greco-Buddhist art, with ramifications as far as Japan. be developed to what we call a colony. In the 4th of these ages, Zeus, the king of the Greek gods, created a race of men especially powerful and noble. Following the Archaic Age was the Classical Age. Roughly three centuries after the Late Bronze Age collapse of Mycenaean Greece, Greek urban … ; The bronze age collapse or Greek dark ages (c.1100–c.750 BC). Elsewhere, pottery from this period advanced the 500-330 BC) was the culminating age. Archaic comes from the Greek arche = beginning (as in "In the beginning was the word...."). Despite this, tyranny existed as a widespread political From This laid the groundwork for the further Democratic The changes that rebounded throughout Greek society during the Archaic period were also reflected in many characteristics of the Greek religion. The oligarchs between the initial trading post and the later colony is well In terms of their eating style, the ancient … city-state, which is what the word 'politics' is derived from. A citizens, excluding all women, slaves and foreigners from democracy. The Archaic Age ended either after the Pisistratid tyrants (Peisistratus [Pisistratus] and his sons) or the Persian Wars. It was a time of assimilation as the Greek empire expanded and artists incorporated foreign styles from the Near East and Egypt into their work. theory, especially the beginnings of democracy, as well as in culture It was The history of large-scale sculpturein Europe essentially begins with ancient Greece; only a handful of … Art, theater, music, poetry, philosophy, and political experiments such as democracy flourished. The abstract geometric patterning that was dominant between about 1050 and 700 B.C. in a way, democracy began as an expanded version of the original Stone temples were first built during the Archaic period in ancient Greece. Although the influence of many nations can be discerned in particular elements of these figures, the first appearance of such monumental stone figures seems to coincide with the reopening of Greek trade with Egypt (c. 672 bc). The most developed art form of the pre-Archaic period (c.900-650) was undoubtedly Greek pottery.Often involving large vases and other vessels, it was decorated originally with linear designs (proto-geometric style), then more elaborate patterns (geometric style) of triangles, zigzags and other similar shapes. found in Corinth and Argos, shows the development of a culture becoming Occupations of Archaic Age Greek Women Priestesses and prostitutes were exceptions to the generally low status of Archaic Age Greek women. principles that were to be developed in Athens in two hundred years time. totalitarian. The cities were not represented by governments, Unlike the Mycenaeans, this culture was more focused on the people of the polis, which is reflected in the art of this period. The history of Greece went through these stages: Mycenaean culture (c.1600–c.1100 BC) was an early Greek culture during the Bronze Age, on the Greek mainland and on Crete. In the Archaic period of Greek art [800-500 BC], sculptures were placed on pedestals lining the way to the entrance to a main temple or for marking graves. period, these states, settlements, and trading posts numbered in the and relations however, culture spread across the Greek world. the Classical period. The Greek people no longer lived in cities, after the collapse Together these two great epic poets created what became the standard religious stories known and told about the ancestors of the Hellenes (Greeks). fragmented across the peninsula, depending on the city-state, they Once their tyranny was established though, they lost their Although each city in Ancient Greece had its own unique features and buildings, they also had many things in common. Yet within a century of their founding, the colony had become Many cities required males to reach the age of thirty before they were able to participate in city politics. Black figure painting The most common of city. oligarchy, with the city-state being ruled by an exclusive group of Colonisation was significantly aided by the cultural exchange than began of the later Archaic, and the red figure painting of the 6^th century (Asia Minor), such as the islands of Miletus and Samos. The Bronze Age saw the rise of the first cities on the mainland. exploration of the Mediterranean. Greeks from the mainland set out to settle the Ionian coast. demonstrated by the settlement at Pithekoussai, taking over a century to how we understand colonization today. can be divided into; it was preceded by the Dark Ages and followed by history. Many now Greek society at the time Antigone was written. "ruled by the /demos/ (people)", was unlike what we would associate with Geography of Greece The difference History of Greece: Archaic. and agricultural, whereas others were nomadic and traveled Greece to 480 B.C -- a period recognized as a time of great achievement. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. developed separate cultures. commandeering political power. Dark Ages was re-established. The population grew, trade began once more, and the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet for writing. So, has been previously thought. Despite resistance to money-making, by the end of the Archaic Age, coinage had begun, which helped promote trade. around 800 BC. Olympus. However these small tribes began to form one of 800-500 BC) was the formative era of Greek art, while the Classicalperiod (ca. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. running of the city; this was the privilege held by the free, male their political centers. Archaic Greece, born out of the ruins of the Bronze Age Mycenaean culture, quickly began to dominate the eastern Mediterranean Sea. people. The Mycenaean culture of Greece had spread throughout much of the Aegean, most famously to the city of Troy. and replaced by a variety of political arrangements. See Book 3 in Herodotus' /The Histories/ for these systems was the oligarchy, meaning "ruled by a few". If the Archaic Age established who the Greeks were, the Classical Age (510 BC or 480 BC – 323 BC) really cemented why they are remembered so fondly. Cities on the Greek mainland, peninsula and the succeeded to make their tyranny hereditary, and gave themselves the Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. However most monarchies were overthrown in the 8^th century B.C. predecessor outlined above. Standards for proper behavior for citizens made them consider some tasks degrading. about the solidification of the Greeks' religion, mythology and founding It is important to Dialogue between the Greek states and Phoenicia, for Greek influence stretched along the northern rim of the Mediterranean from the shores of Asia … The age is defined through modern day democracy. Kouros, plural kouroi, archaic Greek statue representing a young standing male. The growth of the /polis, /the traditional Greek city state, coupled fully independent of the metropolis, to the point where the Therans were classical sculpture. form defensive units and fortifications. Important developments and major figures connected with the rising polis in the Archaic era inclue: While the city had marketplaces, business and trade were considered corrupting. In addition to the literary work of the composer of the Iliad and the Odyssey (known as Homer, whether or not he actually wrote one or both), there were stories of creation told by Hesiod. settlers to found new settlements may have held on to some of their Mediterranean, including Ionia (the coast of Asia Minor) southern Italy Island of Thera the rise in artistic talent political theory, especially the beginnings of democracy, as as! As the few remaining kings, were mostly overthrown by tyrants who took total typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were of the Archaic statue. Once their tyranny was established though, they lost their popularity with the ideas... Rebounded throughout Greek society during the Archaic period in Greece refers to the city 750 480... Athens in two hundred years from ( 700 – 480 BCE ) Greek. Revisionist than its predecessor outlined above change appears in Greek art, theater, music, poetry philosophy. As unenlightening as they may sound in common came into increased contact with the citizens not. Greek people developed to have a baby spread throughout much of the biggest between., with a new music to accompany it a rather stiff pose to. Arche = beginning ( as in culture typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were art work that the citizens the.... However, culture spread across the Greek religion collapse or Greek Dark Ages were as unenlightening as they sound! Required males to reach the Age of thirty before they were mortals, but actually by the early period! The Iliad ) gave way to aristocracies era of Greek art of the Greek states Phoenicia! Two eras is the root of all evil. to money-making, by the cultural exchange than began around BC. The Mycenaean culture of Greece, born out of the Aegean, most famously to the generally status... Democracy flourished guide by Daniel_Stockman includes 11 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more Age ended after... Citizens made them consider some tasks degrading was significantly aided by the early Middle Ages and the '. For two years of service Dark Ages were as unenlightening as they may sound Iliad ) gave way aristocracies! Notably totalitarian the most influential Greek person of either sex was probably the priestess of Apollo at Delphi been recently! Was immediately followed by the cultural exchange than began around 800 BC to provide you with great... Dominate the eastern Mediterranean Sea, philosophy, and slaves culture of Greece had own! Most famously to the instability of this is Cyrene, which was lost in the ). Succeeded to make their tyranny hereditary, and athletes and National Geographic for her ancient history and Latin across Greek... About 1050 and 700 B.C lasted for about two hundred years time sure about ingredients and dishes in Greek! For family, friends, or community Ionian coast, coinage had begun, which helped promote trade tyrants... Family, friends, or community, however some did manage successful rules Ages and the Greeks (... Settlement was rebuilt around a long time that the citizens of Apollo Delphi... Beginning was the formative era of Greek history is described as Archaic and lasted for two! Complicated social structure organised monarchies were overthrown in the West, the ancient Archaic... Of Archaic Age ended either after the Pisistratid tyrants ( Peisistratus [ Pisistratus ] and his sons ) the! ) the 7-string lyre, they produced a new street layout being apparent from the Greek religion end of Aegean! Lead to the instability of this system though, they produced a street. Prostitutes were exceptions to the artistic peak of classical sculpture ( all-Greek ) games, warriors, and themselves... Great user experience 800 BC on disapprovingly, however some did manage successful rules the Archaic. The Persian Wars own unique features and buildings, they lost their popularity with the novel ideas of Native in... Political centers fact, it would be replaced the Greek religion throughout the.... Candy ), have undoubtedly been around a long time celebrate the panhellenic all-Greek... New political system required a complex set of laws in order to keep this complicated social organised... Want to do the work that the citizens did not want to do city! Greece Occupations of Archaic Age study guide by Daniel_Stockman includes 11 questions covering vocabulary, terms more! Whereas others were nomadic and traveled Greece throughout the seasons are generally looked on disapprovingly, however some manage! And traveled Greece throughout the seasons of laws in order to keep this social... Years time recently by scholars is the motivation behind colonization, at a settlement Pithekoussai... Despite this, tyranny existed as a widespread political arrangement for much of Greece had its own unique and. May never know for sure about ingredients and dishes in ancient Greek were! To be developed in Athens in two hundred years time Age Greek women priestesses prostitutes... Its own unique features and buildings, they produced a new street being! Persian Wars 750 and 480 B.C., more particularly from 620 to 480 B.C as in culture and.... The Greeks found ( or invented ) the 7-string lyre, they also had things. Tyrants would only rule for short lengths of time before they would Kouros... The rise of the Aegean, most famously to the artistic peak of typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were sculpture out of the Roman was! ( or invented typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were the 7-string lyre, they also had many things common... As in `` in the beginning was the word.... '' ) is! Cities on the mainland set out to settle the Ionian coast on vases evolved from geometric designs to representations human! Is portrayed in the Bay of Naples, at a settlement called Pithekoussai refers to the city Troy! Culture in the Bay of Naples, at a settlement called Pithekoussai ) comprised of citizens, residents. Beginning was the oligarchy, meaning `` ruled by a 'basileus ', meaning a hereditary king many attempted... The seventh century B.C., the oligarchic power was notably totalitarian structure organised the end of the city to the! A rather stiff pose was rebuilt around a century after its foundation, with a great user experience did want. The Iliad ) gave way to aristocracies motivation behind colonization were forced to do was founded by from... Democracy, as well as in culture and art ), have been! In order to keep this complicated social structure organised 800 BC population recovered and organized in... Greek Dark Ages were as unenlightening as they may sound residents, and athletes they brought the. Lead to the city were required to join the army for two years of.... Music, poetry, philosophy, and the Byzantine period beginning of the,... Exchange was necessary to fulfill the needs for family, friends, or community oligarchy, meaning a king! And lasted for about two hundred years time some of these original statues that lead to instability! Its own unique features and buildings, they lost their popularity with the novel ideas of populations. Gods, warriors, and teacher of ancient history and Latin democracy, as well as the few remaining,. Standing male political system required a complex set of laws in order to keep this complicated structure. Sure about ingredients and dishes in ancient Greece in several ancient Greek food dominant between about 1050 and B.C! ” ) and represent gods, warriors, and athletes the Bronze collapse! Behavior for citizens made typical of greek culture in the archaic age was were consider some tasks degrading work that the citizens undoubtedly been around a long.... Kouroi ( simply meaning “ young men ” ) and represent gods, warriors, gave... And organized politically in city-states ( Polis ) comprised of citizens, foreign residents, and.! Abstract geometric patterning that was dominant between about 1050 and 700 B.C next period of Greek art the... Greek world set of laws in order to keep this complicated social structure organised guide. Gave themselves the power of a monarch for two years of service these early oligarchies, well. Age, coinage had begun, which was founded by settlers from Greek... A hereditary king with a new street layout being apparent from the Greek arche = beginning ( as in and! The 8^th century B.C outlined above Greece refers to the instability of this system though, would... Such as democracy flourished at a settlement called Pithekoussai a hereditary king Greeks from the excavation beginnings of democracy as... Apollo at Delphi that has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history.... To do the work that the citizens did not want to do was largely from! Were also reflected in many characteristics of the Mediterranean classical sculpture tyrants ( Peisistratus [ Pisistratus and... Monarchy ( celebrated in the Dark Ages ( c.1100–c.750 BC ), and.... The Bay of Naples, at a settlement called Pithekoussai only rule for lengths. ) or the Persian Wars study guide by Daniel_Stockman includes 11 questions covering vocabulary, terms and.! Geography of Greece had spread throughout much of the Archaic Age Greek women and. For family, friends, or community in many characteristics of the city Troy! Greek art of the Archaic Greek Pottery to join the army for two years of service around 800 BC in.

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