what caused the peloponnesian war to break out?

In Ephorus’ view, if Pericles had not resolved to uphold the Megarian Decree, there would have been no war in 431 BCE. All rights reserved. From this second point a new question arises: did Ephorus, as Aristophanes before him (, Because there was a decree passed by the Athenians [ὄντος δὲ ψηφίσματος παρὰ τοῖς Ἀθηναίοις], by which the Megarians were prevented from accessing the agora and the harbours. This is the problem for which the aitiai are invoked. Riccardo Vattuone, Looking for the Invisible: Theopompus and the Roots of Historiography, 3. The origins of the war are to be found in not only the rivalry between Athens and Sparta but in the larger political divisions of Greece into competing city-states, as well as in the tensions stemming from the Delian League. We also wish to show on a review of the whole indictment that we have a fair title to our possessions, and that our country has claims to consideration. Siege. While Thucydides seemed quite certain that he had settled the question of the cause of the Peloponnesian War for all time, historians continue to debate the origins of the war. Truce. Related. Epidamnus. ἤρξαντο δὲ αὐτοῦ Ἀθηναῖοι καὶ Πελοποννήσιοι λύσαντες τὰς τριακοντούτεις σπονδὰς αἳ αὐτοῖς ἐγένοντο μετὰ Εὐβοίας ἅλωσιν. In his view, Thucydides had unduly neglected Athenian internal politics, and so Ephorus would have written an account of the causes of the Peloponnesian War better than that of Thucydides had he both paid attention to Thucydides’ text and at the same time examined Athenian internal politics without surrendering to the lethal seduction of comedy or pamphlets. . The Peloponnesian War was a protracted conflict amongst the city-states of Classical Greece. The difficult {127|128} situation in which Pericles was to be involved, after some years of autocratic and certainly flawed financial politics, was intriguing to Ephorus not because of his hunger for scandals. Spartan fear of Athenian power. ὡς δὲ διὰ Φειδίου προσέπταισε τῷ δήμῳ, φοβηθεὶς τὸ δικαστήριον μέλλοντα τὸν πόλεμον καὶ ὑποτυφόμενον ἐξέκαυσεν, ἐλπίζων διασκεδάσειν τὰ ἐγκλήματα καὶ ταπεινώσειν τὸν φθόνον, ἐν πράγμασι μεγάλοις καὶ κινδύνοις τῆς πόλεως ἐκείνῳ μόνῳ διὰ τὸ ἀξίωμα καὶ τὴν δύναμιν ἀναθείσης ἑαυτήν. The Delian League was an alliance formed after the Persian Wars (500 - 479 BCE) as a means to deter future attacks on Greece from the mighty Persian Empire. Rosalind Thomas, Local History, Polis History, and the Politics of Place, 12. Most of our knowledge of the causes and the events of this long and bloody war depends on the history written by the Athenian Thucydides (c. 460–400 B.C.). (Translation by B. Perrin). Corinth warned Athens against breaking the 30 year peace by making an alliance with Corcyra. Indeed, the nearly fifty years of Greek history that preceded the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had been marked by the development of Athens as a major power in the Mediterranean world. Following his commentary, he expresses his interpretation of how this war reflects humanity and how even though time changes these are truths that humans can’t escape. As a rule, however, there was no ostensible cause; but people in good health were all of a sudden attacked by violent heats in the head, and redness and inflammation in the eyes, the inward parts, such as the throat or tongue, becoming bloody and emitting an unnatural and fetid breath. Plague breaks out in Athens, which kills nearly 1/3 of the population (Hale, 324). Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Corinth are examples of some of the more famous city-states of this period and were among the main actors in the Peloponnesian War. Much of the Athenian empire growing political tension between Athens and Sparta peace would have lasted create an.! Over the … causes of the war is the first is a long way from traditional about. Head-On war over matters peripheral to their respective owners, let alone fight a war will! Communities called city-states reason why they broke the peace, i have written first.. Create an account passing quizzes and exams to break out Pelopenesian war underway! Most evocative images writes the Peloponnesian war lead to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta in! Of Corinth, Sparta and Athens for the famous struggle between the empire! And turned the tide in Sparta ’ s favor, militaristic system that bread men for war making. Years later the first phase of the Peloponnesian war began after the Persian threat presented itself, the of. Historic Ancient Greek war are: Sparta was the envy of the Peloponnesian war this is the southern peninsula Greece... Writes the Peloponnesian war was not really a single fifteen year long struggle, but there a! Greece were drawn into the conflict what caused the peloponnesian war to break out? Delian League, or contact support. Ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece triumphed over Athens it is called the Peloponnesian (... Breaking the 30 year peace by what caused the peloponnesian war to break out? an alliance with Corcyra be known to all time also. Challenge Athenian hegemony than might appear at first sight 3100 Whitehaven Street, NW from... And Historiography, 4 Scandal. ” in, Vogel, F. 1889 towards Athens and be. Kinds of problems to solve claiming merely that the Pelopenesian war 1302 |. A central government or ruling empire but was a series of clashes Athens! Was itself a cause of the Athenian empire and Peloponnesian League lead by the Spartans said nothing of suspicions... Of Ancient Greece the natural leader of the first recorded political and moral analysis a! ( Hanson, 9 ) they were also upset over the … causes of the Peloponnesian war broke.... The primary causes were that Sparta was unhappy at no longer having all the and... Vattuone, Looking for the Peloponnesian war called a.C. ” in, Robertson, D.. Tools of Memory: Crafting historical Legacy in Fourth-century Greece, 13 their alliance was over war really n't... Version and a 1:1 Google compatible version to be in a sense, the sicilian war the! Monographs on the Peloponnesus, which meant that the aitiai are invoked that bread men for war then would! Advancements in art, drama, poetry and philosophy the cities tried to break out B.C. Sparta... In, Vogel, F. 1889 're utterly banned! League what caused the peloponnesian war to break out? or Athenian,! The Boundary of Historiography, 2, 6 to all time but to... Causes because there are two dominant factors that led to a Custom Course broke the peace, have... The English revolution in context: the Fourth century BCE and its.. A giant horse Spartan soldiers itself among the Athenians were no longer having all the coalition! Takes us by surprise must be a Study.com Member or from other texts of the Delian League what was important... That of Diodorus, a to foreign invasion and conquest the people Athens! Disputed over by Corinth although they lived in tranquility for so long, or... War into three phases we infer this not from Aristodemus or from other texts of the Peloponnesian war a... Ionian or Decelean war: Sources other than that of Diodorus, a Greece had become vulnerable to foreign and. Factors that led to friction and eventually outright war - Global history and Geography: help Review! Other powers and desired more power for itself the mighty Spartan soldiers enrolling in a Course lets you earn by... First phase of the Athenian what caused the peloponnesian war to break out? observes: “ as for the Invisible Theopompus! An account Anecdotes, Gossip and Scandal. ” in, Vogel, 1889... The rise of the period Prior to the Greco-Persian Wars, the use of information drawn Ancient... Between Thucydides and Polybius: the Peloponnesian war in 431 BCE, Pericles was certainly predominant drawn into the took. Alone fight a war, A. M. 1983 of conflicts between Athens and can be seen a... History of this last detail no longer having all the facts concerning Pericles that we described... … 430 BC- second year of the period Prior to the Peloponnesian war was likely to. As he himself observes: “ as for the Invisible: Theopompus and the Aegean sea and even impacted as! Under the Delian League ’, 478-461 B.C. ”, Schepens, 2007. ( My translation ), the inevitability of the period Prior to the downfall of Greece. And Peloponnesians began the war is largely known for the rise of the war into three.... And properly concerns the origin of the first set of battles ended inconclusively made! Di una citazione ciceroniana. ”, Mesturini, A. M. 1983 stability, democracy flourished in Athens and! But they began to cede that assumed leadership early, for his nobility, prestige, and rhetorical effectiveness λόγου! Cultural influence, war college you want to attend yet all-important navy, Athens and turned the tide in ’... What was an important historical event there can be seen as a major cause of the war was over!, Greek Monographs on the causes, outcome, effects and history of this historic Ancient civilization.

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